Africa is the second-largest continent on Earth, divided into 55 countries with diverse cultures and populations, bearing historical traces of colonization. Our primary interest lies in the largest countriesl in Africa.
1Algeria, 2,381,741 sq. km
Algeria is a country in North Africa, situated between the Mediterranean Sea and the Sahara Desert. Modern Algeria features Roman ruins and monuments from the Ottoman Empire era<, as well as structures from the time of French colonization.
2Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2,344,858 sq. km
The Democratic Republic of the Congo is a country in Central Africa. It was a Belgian colony until 1960 and historically inhabited by pygmies. The country thrives on the black market for tantalum, used in the production of electrolytic capacitors.
3Sudan, 1,861,484 sq. km
Sudan is a country in East Africa, on the Red Sea coast. In the 4th-3rd millennium BCE, a culture similar to that of Egypt at the time, building pyramids, emerged in northern Sudan.
4Libya, 1,759,540 sq. km
Libya is a country in North Africa on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. 8000 years BCE, the territory of Libya was home to Neolithic cultures. Later, the region saw ancient states like Phoenicia, Carthage, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, and Byzantium.
5Chad, 1,284,000 sq. km
Chad is a country in Central Africa. The modern territory of Chad was settled through mass migration around 7000 BCE. Later, Chad became a French colony and remained so until 1960.
6Niger, 1,267,000 sq. km
Niger is a landlocked country in West Africa. Stress in the country’s name can be placed on the first or second syllable. The country was a French colony until 1960.
7Angola, 1,246,700 sq. km
Angola is a country in Southern Africa, on the Atlantic Ocean coast. Initially inhabited by Bushmen, the Portuguese later discovered and established a colony here. The Dutch and Belgians also engaged in the struggle for this territory.
8Mali, 1,240,192 sq. km
Mali is a country in West Africa, landlocked and without access to the sea. The modern territory of Mali was home to numerous West African kingdoms and later was a French colony until 1960.
9South Africa, 1,219,090 sq. km
South Africa is a country in Southern Africa, the southernmost country on the continent. Initially inhabited by Bantu tribes, the Phoenicians and Dutch left their mark, and later, the country became a British colony.
10Ethiopia, 1,104,300 sq. km
Ethiopia is a country in the Horn of Africa, landlocked without access to the sea. The modern territory of Ethiopia was inhabited by ancient people, as evidenced by the remains of Australopithecus found in the Omo River Valley. Later, Islam penetrated Ethiopia, leading to the emergence of Muslim principalities and internal wars.